On the southern outskirts of Naples lies Mount Vesuvius, the volcano whose eruption in AD 79 covered Pompeii and Herculaneum (Ercolano) with tufa stone and volcanic mud. The cities remained covered until the 1700s, when a farmer discovered Pompeii while digging a well. The two cities (reached on the Circumvesuvio railway) give you a real grasp of what life was like in the Roman Empire – they are exceptionally well-preserved. Pompeii was a city of nearly 20,000, and in the summer it can be exhausting to see it all, so we recommend using an audio guide, an authorized guide (he or she should wear proper identification) or a good guidebook in order to focus on the highlights. Pompeii is 20 mi/30 km southeast of Naples.
Getting to Italy
Restaurants in Italy
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