Bologna is a well known city of Northern Italy and is the capital of the region of Emilia-Romagna. It is situated in the Po Valley between the Po River and Apennine mountains. Bologna is full of medieval architecture with red brick palazzo, Renaissance towers and porticoed streets. It is a very lively place with a large student population and it is also considered as the food capital of Italy. The University of Bologna is the oldest university of Europe and has witnessed many agitations by students in the past. The city is called ‘la rossa’ which means ‘red’ and refers to its colorful buildings as well as this word is used as a metaphor for the city which elected for a communist town.
Bologna is best explored on foot and most of the tourist attractions are within walking distance. There two main squares in the heart of the city called the Piazza Maggiore and the Piazza del Nettuno. The two leaning towers are the main symbols that seem to defy the gravitational pull, they are the Torri degli Asinelli and Garisenda. Out of the two, the Tower degli Asinelli is open to the public to ascend and it is the tallest as well as it gives a view of the Bologna city but the stairs are narrow, so if you are claustrophobic, then they are best to avoid. Piazza Maggiore is at the center of the old part of Bologna and has some of the best buildings from the medieval era and the times of Renaissance. Piazza del Nettuno has a well known fountain called the Fontana di Nettuno (Fountain of Neptune) where people love to come and see the beautiful stone mermaids gracing the Neptune. San Petronio is Bologna’s largest church and the fifth largest in the whole world. The construction plans of this church had to be scaled down after it got orders from Vatican to not to make it larger than St. Peter’s church in Rome which the home of the Pope. The University of Bologna is another place to visit, with its lively atmosphere and rich history, this university offers great academics and students from all over the world come to study there.
There are many art galleries and museums to visit which exhibit the most important artwork and archeological aspects of Bologna. They are: Museo Civico Archeologico, an archaeological museum, the University museums and the Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna which is the National Picture Gallery and has precious artworks.