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Italy Regions

Italy is geographically divided into 20 regions. All regions carry their own unique identity, culture, festivals and history. They are all a kaleidoscope of cultural amalgamation of various cultures that have invaded Italy and the country has adapted to all of them to bring out its own uniqueness and independent picture.

Piedmont
Piedmont is the region of mountains, plains, rivers, cities, farms and industries. The hilly areas are the Langhe and Monferrato that are enriched by Lake Maggiore and Orta. Langhe experiences the fertile basin of River Po. Turin is the capital city of Piedmont and carries interesting traces of the Roman era. The region is carries the cultural history in the form of churches, cathedrals, museums, etc. Ski areas of Sestrières, Bardonecchia, Sansicario are also good tourist destinations.

Valle D’Aosta
Valle D’Aosta lies in the extreme North West region of the country and borders the southern slopes of Mont Blanc. This is a region of mountainous ranges and complete hilly area. Aosta is the capital of the region laden with Roman Cathedral, Santa Orso church that reminds of medieval architecture. Monte Rosa, Monte Bianco, National Park of Gran Paradiso is some of the exotic locals of tourist interests. There are several ski resorts that offer a good family vacation in winters. St. Vincent and its casino also offer complete entertainment to the visitors.

Lombardy
Lombardia is popular for its monumental romantic waterways. It is also an important business hub and home to heavy industries. It is also place that nurses Romanesque architecture and stunning monuments of Gothic era. Palaces and striking churches from the Renaissance period possess a beauty of their own. The fashion capital of the world, Milan, is also the capital city of this region. The city apart from creating fashion statements in the world also boasts of Art Museums possessing works of famous artists.

Trentino and Alto Adige
This is a mountainous region possessing the beauty of rich rivers and torrents. The Dolomites, Val di Genova in alpine valley, earthen pyramids at Segonzano in the Val di Cembra offer a scenic view and are a must visit place. Alto Adige is the head of the northern alpine region and is a land of castles. Bolzano is the main city which is also a hub for the local government.

Veneto
It also means Venice and is the most imaginative city of the world. It comprises of 118 islands and 400 bridges. It is lined with beauty of the era witnessed by the Italian civilization. Venetian islands of Murano, Burano and Torcello are beautiful tourist spots, as well as Chioggia, the canals of the Brenta and the Veneto villas. The Dolomites also impart their majestic view to the tourists who love to enjoy eating Venetian-style liver peas, rice, fish and Vicenza-style cod with Valpolicella, Soave and Bianco di Conegliano wines.
Friuli-Venezia Giu
This region is guarded by the Alps, the sea and the Venetian plains. Trieste is the capital of this region but the true mother is Rome. It is city of Romanesque architectures, cathedrals with a touch of Byzantine times.
Liguria
It is the region of endless sea view and a vast coast line. Although the economy is based on resources from sea, nevertheless, Liguria is the largest producer of flowers. Leading shipyards are Genoa, La Spezia, Savona. There is a steel industry of Cornigliano and food industry in Lmperia. Shops are laden with beautiful laces, handicrafts of ivory and filigree work in this region.

Emilia Romagna
A region of medieval cathedral, castle and a couple of sky reaching towers, Emilia Romagna is rich in priceless art and architecture. The beautiful city of Bologna is the capital which is a place of rest for tourist before they move towards Florence and Venice tours in Italy.

Tuscany
It is one of the most important regions of Italy with Florence as its capital. It is a region with each city possessing its own unique art and architecture for the world to view. The extra-virgin oil of Italy is produced in this region. This region also produces handicrafts of ceramic, leather and wrought iron.

Umbria
It is the land of Saints where Saint Francis and Saint Clare (Assisi), Saint Benedict (Norcia), Saint Rita (Cascia) all have come from this region. Perugia is the main city of the region which hosts National Museum of Umbria. This region is rich in history and natural beauty. Falls of Marmore are the highest falls in Italy lie in Umbria. Other places to visit are Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli and the Rocca Maggiore. Etruscan tomb of Ipogeo del Volumni near Perugia is also a most visited tourist spot.

Marche
It is hilly region facing Adriatic sea with Ancona as the capital. One can find remains of the Roman age and visit Basilica of St. Ciriaco, Palazzo degii Anziani, and Trajan’s Triumphal Arch. It is the birthplace of Rossini and Raphael.

Abruzzo
It is a region of tough coastline and rough mountains. Nevertheless, it hosts several resorts for the tourists to enjoy Tortoreto, Pescara, Giulianova, Vasto, Roseto, Montesilvano, Silvi, Pineto, Alba, Francavilla, Ortona. Cultural remains of the Roman era can be found at Minternum near L’Aquila, Alba Fucens, Iuvanum a Montenerodomo

Molise
Campobasso is the capital of the region linked with history of Samnites. It is laden with seaside resorts near the Adriatic Sea which are the favorite tourist spots. Other places of interest are historic center and the majestic battlemented castle of the Longobard period. Tourists can also enjoy the colossal Sanctuary of the Addolorata of Castelpetroso, bounded by a deep forest along with Romanesque churches of San Bartolomeo and San Giorgino.

Lazio
The capital of the country, Rome is the capital of this region as well. It is the region of ancient Roman civilization and now the hub of all business activities of the modern industrial and developed Italy which is one of the strong powers in the world. The region is full of churches, places of religious importance, cathedrals, museums, roman architecture and array of tourist destinations.

Campania
It is the region that carries remain of Angevins, Aragonese, Normans, Greeks, Romans, Swabians and the Bourbons. Naples is the regional capital rich in classic antiquities. It also hosts the National Museum which contains the most historic remains of archeological collections. Ischia, the Amalfi Coast, the Bay of Naples, Capri, with Ravello, Amalfi, Positano, Sorrento, and spa resorts: Ischia, Agnano, Castellammare di Stabia are important holiday destinations in this region.

Basilicata
Potenza is the regional capital. Matera has come out of the rock with its picturesque “sassi” dwellings with Metaponto is an interesting archeological zone. Provincial Archaeologic Museum of Potenza houses an important prehistoric collection, an interesting ethnographic section and numerous Greek and Latin inscriptions.

Puglia
The region overlooking the Adriatic sea has Bari as its capital. It was the region inhabited by the Greeks and also developed by Norman, Swabians and Arabs. The Gargano area and the coastline from Brindisi to Santa Maria di Leuca are important tourist destinations. The Alberobello is interesting to visit showcasing its characteristic “trulli” houses.

Calabria
This is a region that is predominantly influenced by the Greeks with spectacular ruins of the settlements at Locri, Sibari, Eraclea, Crotone to be seen. The 6th Century Greek manuscript Codice Purpureo at Rossano Cathedral is also a great tourist attraction. Catanzaro is the regional capital and also possesses rich heritage of ancient civilizations. Excursions to Sila district lakes are a popular tourist destination of this region.

Sicilia
This region is laden with two jewels of their own kind: the Temples of Segesta and Selinunte. Castles at Catania, Syracuse and Augusta speak of the great Swabian empire that once dominated this region. The temperate climate and established resorts of the Egadi islands, the Riviera dei Ciclopi, Pantelleria, Mondello, Cefalu, Mazzaro, the Aeolian islands, and Ustica make this region a great tourist spot. Palermo is the regional capital and speaks of the Greek colonial times and Hellenic Heritage. the majestic monuments in the Valle dei Templi of Agrigento the Etna and Taormina are also good tourist destinations.

Sardegna
It is the second largest island of Italy that carries fascinating wonders from the bronze age and its civilizations. Cagliari is the regional capital of Sardinia. Archaeologic excavations of Tharros are a must visit and so is a trip to the cork-oak woods at the bottom of the Gennargentu.  the island of the Maddalena (Bocche di Bonifacio) and The Costa Smeralda are also of interest.

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