Apulia is a wonderful region in the south-eastern part of Italy. It is also referred to as the ‘heel of the boot’ because of its location on the map of Italy and is known as Puglia in Italian. It borders the Adriatic Sea in the east and the Ionian Sea to its southeast. With a population of about 4 million people, the capital town is Bari, and it is a flatland with lots of terraces and wide expanses but with low water tables. Other major cities are Brindisi, Lecce and Taranto. Apulia produces world renowned olive oil and about one-tenth of wine that is consumed in Europe. It produces about 17% of wine in the whole total of the country and competes with Sicily as the highest producer of grapes. Some of the most cherished wines are the Primitivo di Manduria and Salice Salentino, both reds!
The economy is based on wood and furniture products, textiles and footwear as well as vehicle and food products — the region significantly competes with the foreign producers for the same. Apulia also serves itself as an important place for tourism and transport because of its 800 km coastline full of ports which interacts with Greece and the East Mediterranean regions like Albania.
Apulia is known for its i trulli – they are small whitewashed cones made of stones held together without mortar, of different sizes and serve as mini barns for the wheat field and olive groves and are in much quantity. They form a beautiful scene when clustered like a town or township and are wonderful to visit for an experience to cherish.
Some tourist attractions are the archeological buildings Battaglia and Ignazia, the Roman remains are found throughout the area and are quite noteworthy. Some old architecture is worth a visit too which includes cathedrals and castles — some of them are the cathedrals of Bari, Trani, Barletta. Molfetta, Bitonto and Ruvo di Puglia. The old magnificent castles from the thirteenth century are located in Bari, Gioia del Colle, Lucera and Castel del Monte. They are built in Byzantine-Arab style.
Various museums in Bari, Lecce and Foggia contain interesting collection of funeral urns, ceramics, bronze, collections of coins, vases, arts of the folk traditions, interesting paleochristian epigraph and of course, Roman remains!
Overall, Apulia or Puglia is a magnificent region of Italy which has a lot to enhance your visit. It is a wonderful escape from the crowded, busy and fast modern city life and offers beautiful historical buildings and architecture similar to what is found in North Italy, but in a more humble and ethnic environment, scenes and style.