Emilia-Romagna is a region of Northern Italy. It includes two historical regions of Italy named Emilia and Romagna respectively. The region of Emilia-Romagna is a wide plain area near River Po in the north; it is mountainous near the border of Tuscany in the south and touches the Adriatic Sea in the east. The mountain chain of the Apennines meet the Adriatic coast in the southeast of Ravenna and Rimini, which is the great plain extending from the river Po.
Emilia-Romagna has a population of about 4.3 million people and the capital city is Bologna. Bologna is a main communications link for business between northern and southern Italy, and the region is well connected by highways and secondary railway lines. Some other important cities of the region of Emilia-Romagna are Parma, Modena, Ferrara, Piacenza, Ravenna, Reggio Emilia, Forlì and Rimini.
The region of Emilia-Romagna is economically based on agriculture. It ha a lot of natural water supply which helps in growing and producing potatoes, maize, tomatoes, onions and cereals. Fruits are also grown, especially grapes. This helps in production of wine and the most famous ones are Pignoletto, Lambrusco, Albana and Sangiovese. Moreover, the discovery of large deposits of natural gas and oil in the areas of Cortemaggiore and Busseto of the Emilia-Romagna region have added a boost to its energy economy and it is an important aspect in Italy. Another vital feature for its economic basis is the raising of pigs, cattle and poultry, with intensive and modern systems. The region of Emilia-Romagna is the base for the production of world acclaimed “prosciutto” and Parmesan cheese.
While visiting the region of Emilia-Romagna; the Cathedral of Modena, Piacenza e Ferrara and The Bapistery of Parma offer a glimpse into the bygone era of Gothic and Romanesque Longobard styles. These are landmarks not to be missed while touring the place. Baroque churches and old castles have the artwork and touch of the classic Renaissance and Baroque styles. The museums in Bologna, Ferarra and Ravenna house paintings from the 14th -18th century, objects and sacred relics, from the era of 16th-18th century; prehistoric and Etruscan relics and many precious sculptures, artworks and ceramics. Some of the famous museums in Bologna are the Museum of Industrial Art, he Pinacoteca Nazionale and the Civic Archaeologic Museum. Ferrarra has the Cathedral’s Museum, the Civic Museum, the National Archaeologic Museum and the Pinacoteca Nazionale. Ravenna has the Archiepiscopal Museum and the National Museum. They all house a very indispensable, invaluable and unique collection of relics of the past to see and admire.