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Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia is one of the five autonomous regions with special status in Italy. The other ones with the same status are Sardinia, Sicily, Trentino-Alto, Adige/Südtirol and Aosta Valley. The government of Italy acknowledges the power of this region in its legislation, economy and administration. The region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia is situated at the north-east corner of Italy and is bordered by Austria in the North and Slovenia in the East. It has Veneto to its west and touches the Adriatic Sea in the south. This region, as its name suggests, includes the historic region of Friuli and the region of Venezia Giulia geographically. Each of the two have their own unique features and identities which come together and create a region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. The population of this region is 1.2 million people and the regional capital is Trieste.
Geographically, the north is mountainous due to the Alps and the coastal area is plain. There is a huge plateau between Trieste and the Alps called the Carso. It is also very well know as it was a crucial and important battleground in the World War – I. The mountains provide a great opportunity for skiing and there are many famous ski resorts in the mountains of Prealpi–the Prealpi Carniche and the Prealpi Guilie.

Fruili-Venezia Giulia has one of the most developed economies in Italy and the basis of it are agriculture and exports. Fruit and vegetable, cheese, cured ham and wines, especially white ones are exported not only to whole of Europe but also worldwide. The wines of Friuli-Venezia Giulia are considered of very high quality and very noble, especially the wines of the Colli Orientali del Friuli are very well acclaimed.

There are many important industries in the region: the town of Manzano produces 30% chairs of the whole world total, San Daniele del Friuli is well known for its production of cured ham, Maniago for its knives and Brugnera for its furniture industry. Some of the leading companies in the world are also set up in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, they are: Fincantieri, that is based in Trieste and Monfalcone produces the world’s largest cruise ships, Zanussi-Electrolux in Pordenone produces world renowned electrical appliances and Assicurazioni Generali in Trieste is one of the leading companies in insurance in the world.

There are many places in Friuli-Venezia Giulia that are worth and visit, in Aqueila one can witness the remarkable and historical Roman traces in its famous archaeological center. Grado and Cividale offer paleochristian architectural examples of Byzantine style. Beautiful mosaics of Romanesque Gothic style can be seen at the Basilica of Aquileia.

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