Molise is the second smallest region of Italy and is situated in Southern Italy. Molise is not an old region and was formed in 1963 when the region of “Abruzzi e Molise” was split in two: Abruzzo and Molise. It has a small coastline along the Adriatic Sea on its east and is bordered by Lazio to its west, Campania to its south and Puglia to its south. Molise is primarily a mountainous region with a coastline that extends only for 35 kms. The region of Molise is scarcely populated with a population of about 300,000 people and the area of the region is 1,714 sq. miles. There are no lowlands and because of the dominance of the mountainous areas there is a natural barrier for the economic and social development of the region. The youth of Molise often leave the region for larger areas to find employment opportunities. Molise is divided into two provinces: Campobasso and Isernia where Isnernia also serves as a regional capital.
Molise has 136 municipalities and the economy of the region is mainly based on the industry of food processing. The major traditional food products that get processed in Molise are pasta, milk products, meat, oil and wine. There is also a huge Fiat plant in the area and the most important industry is the service industry in the sectors of catering, hotels, transport, banking and communication. All sectors are very small and that’s why there is a difficulty for marketing or communicating on a national level. Geography plays a big part in this kind of situation.
Molise offers a view of medieval hill towns around churches and cathedrals. The cathedral of Larino is one big cathedral of the region. There are many sites hidden in the mountains and worth exploring. Termoli is the largest seaside resort in Molise and also its only major port. In recent times, it is frequented by lot of people from all over Italy to spend their quality time in the quieter and clean coastal area. Larino is considered to be an important tourist center after it was rebuilt following an earthquake in 2002. The whole city is built with historical colors and shades keeping in mind the seismic science and it looks beautiful. It is wonderful to see the spirit of the place and the ethnicity still intact. The Castel San Vicenzo and the fortress of Cerro al Volturno are a must see as they offer panoramic views of abbeys and little town on the banks of the river as well as give an experience of the medieval Roman times.