Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean sea and is called Sicilia in Italian. Sicily is located at the southern most tip of Italy and was once a city state in its own right known as the Kingdom of Sicily. After the Italian unification in 1860, Sicily became an autonomous part of the country of Italy. The name of Sicily is well versed with in the journals of volcanology. Mount Etna is Sicily’s most famous, tallest active volcano in Europe and one of the most active one in the whole of the world. There are also smaller areas in Sicily with small inactive and little active volcanoes in the surrounding small islands of Sicily. There are also many non-volcanic mountain ranges in Sicily; there are Eeiri Mountains in central Sicily, Sicani to the west and Hyblaean in the south east. In the north, Sicily has the Madonie, Nebrodi and Peloritani mountain ranges.
The population of Sicily is 5.1 million and the capital city is Palermo. The people are friendly and ready to help you out of the way, but it is always nice to be careful about your belongings! The economy of Sicily depends on agriculture and some of the produce are wheat, corn, barley, olives, almonds, citrus fruit,, wine grapes, and cotton. Sicilia oranges are very famous and extremely tasty. Sicily as important tuna and sardine fisheries as well as there are some manufacturing industries for chemicals, refined petroleum, fertilizers, textiles, ships, leather goods, wine, processing food as we;; as forest products. Sicily also has some petroleum in the southeast; natural gas and sulfur are also produced in the same area.
The Mafia of Sicily is well known all over the world and it has hindered the government’s efforts to grow its agricultural industry in Sicily. Many people in Sicily are known to have ‘black’ job or ‘unofficial’ jobs. The Mafia is the criminal society in Sicily which is associated with different family clans and operate from various areas of the region which they claim their sovereignty and call it their ‘territory’.
For tourists, the Aeolian Islands are a beautiful spot to visit and experience crystal clear waters, lots of sun and very hospitable people. The cities of Greek origin are mostly on the west side of the island at Selinunte, Segesta, Siracusa and Agrigento, with its fantastic Valley of Temples that are a delight to walk through and experience. Some other visuals that Sicily offers are famous Palatine Chapel in Palermo, ancient Greek-Roman buildings, Arabic-Norman fortresses, Baroque style buildings and churches of the medieval era.